Lesson 1.1 – Main reasons for exclusion falling within the CULPEER scope
Here we are giving just a summary of the common and/or unique categories of exclusion reasons that have been outlined by the partners in their national reports and have further been summarized in the guidelines, developed under this project:
- Economic reasons and unemployment
Unemployment, low income and living standard as well as poverty place a great number of children in conditions leading to an increased risk of early school leaving. As a result of the financial and economic hardships, the children are forced to help their families, which leads to disrupting their participation in the educational process. Economic reasons can place children in complex situations at home. In their attempts to solve the poverty problem, families often migrate, the children change schools and could lose interest and motivation for education. Dropping out due to a necessity to help the household in the everyday activities or to raise other family members is another risk they are exposed to.
- Social reasons
are related to parental lack of interest, arguments, conflicts, tension
and crises in the family, negative influence by the home environment,
functional illiteracy or low education of the parents, single parent
families, children raised by grandparents, children and students at risk
of antisocial or abusive behavior, which is against the law, home
violence, disregard of the children’s right to choice, imposing harsh
- Educational reasons
reasons encompass a wide span of problems: hardships in comprehension
of the educational content, weaknesses in the methodology of teaching
and the organization of the educational process. The educational reasons
are related also to the assessment approaches, the teachers’
qualifications, the studying habits, the resistance of participants in
the educational process and the lack of motivation and the quality of
the textbooks. The great number of absences, the lack of a sufficiently
effective system to control the way of leading and reporting of the
students, the lack of discipline, the aggression and violence in school,
the low educational results are also a part of educational reasons.
- Ethno-cultural reasons (including Roma and other minorities)
Here a handy video by Khan Academy, which offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom.